A time line of ancient Egyptian history
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3500 B.C.


Early settlers in the Nile valley
 
3400 B.C.
3300 B.C.
3200 B.C.  
3100 B.C. Hieroglyphic script developed
3100- Narmer unified Upper and Lower Egypt
Hieroglyphic script
3000 B.C.
2900 B.C.
2800 B.C.
2700 B.C. First stone pyramid built Step pyramid
2600 B.C. Pyramids of Giza built Pyramids of Giza
2500 B.C.  
2400 B.C.
2300 B.C.
2200 B.C. Various kings ruled Egypt
2100 B.C.

2055- Mentuhotep II gained control of entire country

2000 B.C.

Agricultural development of the Faiyum

Earliest parts of Temple of Karnak built

Egyptians control Nubia

1900 B.C.
1800 B.C.
1700 B.C. Hyksos rulers took control of Delta region
1600 B.C. Ahmose unified country
1500 B.C. Hatshepsut became pharaoh
1400 B.C. Akhenaten changed Egyptian religion
Tutankhamun became pharaoh
Traditional religion returned
1300 B.C. Hypostyle hall built at Temple of Karnak
1274 - Ramesses II fought in Battle of Kadesh
Ramesses II in battle
1200 B.C.
1100 B.C. Upper and Lower Egypt split
1000 B.C.
900 B.C.
800 B.C. 728- Nubian king Piy conquered Egypt
700 B.C. 671- Assyrians attacked Egypt
600 B.C. 525- Persians conquered Egypt
500 B.C.
400 B.C. 332- Alexander the Great conquered Egypt
305- Ptolemy I became pharaoh
Ptolemy1
300 B.C.
200 B.C. 196- Rosetta Stone carved
100 B.C. 31- Battle of Actium
30- Cleopatra VII died
0 A.D.
100 A.D.
200 A.D.
300 A.D. Last use of hieroglyphic writing
400 A.D.
500 A.D.
600 A.D. 642- Egypt conquered by Arabs
700 A.D.
800 A.D. 820- Caliph al Mamun entered the Great Pyramid
900 A.D. 969- City of Cairo founded
Casing blocks stripped off Giza pyramids
1000 A.D. Casing block
1100 A.D.
1200 A.D.
1300 A.D.
1400 A.D.
1500 A.D. 1517- Ottoman Turks ruled Egypt
1600 A.D.
1700 A.D. 1798- Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Egypt
1799- Rosetta Stone found
Rosetta Stone
1800 A.D. Travellers and explorers began uncovering the monuments of ancient Egypt
1822- Hieroglyphs deciphered
1859- 1869 Suez Canal built
Egyptologists began formal excavations in Egypt
1900 A.D. 1922- Howard Carter discovered the tomb of Tutankhamun
1953- Egypt became independent
1960- Aswan High Dam built
Aswan High Dam
2000 A.D.