The Suez Canal is a canal that joins the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. Building the canal made it easier to transport goods from the east to the Mediterranean. Thus the canal created an important trade route.
The canal was started in 1859, and was completed in 1869. It was originally 200 feet (60.1 metres) wide, and 24 feet (7.3 metres) deep. The canal has been made wider and deeper over the years, and now it is 500 feet (152.4 metres) wide and about 33 feet (10.1 metres) deep.